Effects of Dissolved Oxygen on Hybridoma Cell Growth, Metabolism, and Antibody Production Kinetics in Continuous Culture

Sadettin S. Ozturk, Bernhard Palsson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of dissolved oxygen concentration (DO) on hybridoma cell physiology were examined in a continuous stirred tank bioreactor with a murine hybridoma cell line (167.4G5.3). Dissolved oxygen concentration was varied between 0% and 100% air saturation. Cell growth and viability, carbohydrate, amino acid, and energy metabolism, oxygen uptake, and antibody production rates were investigated. Cell growth was inhibited at both high and low DO. Cells could grow at 0% DO and maintain viability under a nitrogen atmosphere. Cell viability was higher at low DO. Glucose, glutamine, and oxygen consumption rates changed little at DO above 1 % air saturation. However, the metabolic uptake rates changed below 1 % DO, where growth became oxygen limited, and a Km value of 0.6 % DO was obtained for the specific oxygen uptake rate. The metabolic rates of glucose, glutamine, lactate, and ammonia increased 2‐3‐fold as the DO dropped from 1% to 0%. Amino acid metabolism followed the same general pattern as that of glutamine and glucose. Alanine was the only amino acid produced. The consumption rates of amino acids changed little above 1% DO, but under anaerobic conditions the consumption rates of all amino acids increased severalfold. Cells obtained most of their metabolic energy from glutamine oxidation except under oxygen limitation, when glucose provided most of the energy. The calculated ATP production rate was only slightly influenced by DO and rose at 0% DO. Antibody concentration was highest at 35% DO, while the specific antibody production rate was insensitive to DO.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)437-446
Number of pages10
JournalBiotechnology Progress
Volume6
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1990

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