Diversity of isopods (Crustacea): New data from the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans

Jörundur Svavarsson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

New data on the diversity pattern of isopods (Crustacea) from the northern most part of the North Atlantic and the Arctic Oceans is presented. The pattern of diversity with depth is similar at depths <1000 m, but differs considerably below about 1000 m. In the Arctic the diversity of isopods (expressed both as numbers of species per sled and expected number of species) increased with increased depth to a maximum at depths of about 320 to 1100 m, but then declined towards deeper waters. There was a significant increase in numbers per sled and in the expected number of species with increased depth in the northernmost part of the North Atlantic Ocean. Additionally, changes occurred in the relative composition of the shallow and deep water fauna, with asellote isopods being relatively larger part of the isopod fauna in the Arctic than in the northern most part of the North Atlantic. This indicates major faunistic changes occurring at the Greenland-Iceland-Faeroe Ridge, possibly caused by rapid changes in the temperature. Furthermore, that the low diversity of the Arctic deep-sea is a regional phenomenon, and not a part of a large scale latitudinal pattern in the North Atlantic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1571-1579
Number of pages9
JournalBiodiversity and Conservation
Volume6
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Other keywords

  • Arctic Ocean
  • Atlantic Ocean
  • Deep sea
  • Diversity
  • Isopods

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