Different types of religiosity and lay intuitions about free will/determinism in Turkey

Onurcan Yilmaz*, Hasan G. Bahçekapili, Mehmet Harma

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Religiosity has been found to be positively associated with belief in free will (FW) in the Western world. In the Muslim world, however, religiosity exhibits several characteristics that set it apart from the Western world, including an overemphasis on fate or divine predestination. We, therefore, investigated FW/determinism beliefs and different types of religiosity and conservatism in two samples in Turkey, a predominantly Muslim country (N = 1,690). In Study 1, a confirmatory factor analysis showed that FAD-Plus provided good fit to the data. Study 2 revealed that FW belief is not related to any of the religiosity measures (intrinsic, extrinsic, quest), whereas fatalistic determinism is consistently related to religiosity. The unique predictor of free will turned out to be belief in a just world. Overall, these findings indicate that FW belief is not inherently related to religiosity in Turkey, whereas fatalistic determinism is central to Turkish people’s belief systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-102
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal for the Psychology of Religion
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Taylor & Francis.

Other keywords

  • Religion
  • Determinism
  • Free will
  • Turkey


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