Development and Psychometric Testing of the Iceland–Family Illness Beliefs Questionnaire

Margret Gisladottir, Erla Kolbrun Svavarsdottir*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Illness beliefs affect how individuals and families deal with illness. A valid and reliable instrument has not yet been developed to measure “illness beliefs” in family nursing research and clinical practice. This article describes the purpose, reliability, validity, and the potential clinical and research applications of a new instrument, the Iceland–Family Illness Beliefs Questionnaire (ICE-FIBQ). The ICE-FIBQ is a short, self-report measure of an individual’s beliefs about illness. Drawing from an advanced nursing practice model called the Illness Beliefs Model, the instrument was developed to measure illness beliefs about (a) cause of illness, that is, etiology; (b) control of illness on family and control of family on illness; (c) effect of illness on the individual and family; (d) illness suffering; and (e) support received from health care professionals during illness. The instrument was tested on 139 family caregivers of adolescents/youth with an illness or a disorder. Exploratory factor analysis reduced the original questionnaire from eight to seven items with a one-factor solution (Cronbach’s α =.780). Confirmatory factor analysis supported the one-factor solution (Cronbach’s α =.789). Further research is needed to determine concurrent validity with other illness belief/illness perception scales and if the instrument is sensitive to capture change in illness beliefs following family nursing intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321-338
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Family Nursing
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, © The Author(s) 2016.

Other keywords

  • family nursing
  • illness beliefs
  • instrument development
  • psychometric testing
  • Hjúkrun
  • Fjölskylda
  • Sjúkdómar
  • FSK12
  • Psychometrics
  • Disease/psychology
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Family/psychology


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