Detection and analysis of avalanches using wave measurements

Bjami Bessason, Gunnar I. Baldvinsson, Thórarinsson Ódinn, Gísli Eiríksson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The road along the Oshlio-hillside is one of the most hazardous roads in Iceland due to rockfalL debris flows and avalanches. There arc 23 known avalanche tracks in the hillside. Below four of the tracks with the highest avalanche frequencies concrete avalanche sheds have been constructed to protect the road. When there is an avalanche threat in the Óshlið-hillside often many avalanches fall from different tracks in a short time and therefore it is likely that avalanches will hit the concrete sheds. Based on this knowledge a research project was initiated in February 1996 with the objective of developing a system to detect and ;nalyse avalanches that hit one of these sheds and to send a warning to a control station. Later the project was extended and two more tracks with no avalanche sheds were included. This paper describes the system and presents the first results of the research project.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSnow Engineering 2000
Subtitle of host publicationRecent Advances and Developments
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781351416245
ISBN (Print)9789058091482
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2000 A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.


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