Cyclodextrins and the liquid-liquid phase distribution of progesterone, estrone and prednicarbate

Már Másson*, Fridrik Jensen Karlsson, Margrét Valdimarsdóttir, Kristín Magnúsdóttir, Thorsteinn Loftsson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of the present work was to investigate the interaction of drugs and octanol with hydroxypropyl β- (HPβCD) and γ- (HPγCD) cyclodextrin, sulfobutyl ether β-cyclodextrin (SBEβCD) and randomly methylated-β-cycoldextrin (RMβCD) and to describe the interaction by theoretical models. The poorly soluble steroid drugs progesterone, estrone and prednicarbate were used as model compounds in this study. Hexane and chloroform were also investigated in combination with HPβCD. Octanol formed a complex with all cyclodextrins and the saturation of the aqueous solution with this solvent therefore had a significant effect on the solubilization and extraction potential of cyclodextrins. Hexane had less affinity for cyclodextrins, but the drugs were poorly soluble in this solvent and it could therefore not be used in phase-distribution investigations. Previously we have derived equations that can be used to account for the competitive interaction between two guest compounds that compete for space in the cyclodextrin cavity. These equations were rearranged to calculate the complexation efficacy from phase-solubility data. An equation was derived that obtains intrinsic solubility (S 0) and intrinsic partition coefficient (P) from the slopes of the phase-solubility and phase-distribution profiles. Investigation of the data showed that the results could not be sufficiently explained by the "classical" drug/cyclodextrin complex model that recognizes the possibility of competitive interactions but ignores any contribution from higher order complexes or aggregation of the cyclodextrin complexes. Relative difference in solubilization potential of different cyclodextrins cannot be translated to relative differences in extraction efficacy. Thus, for these three steroid compounds, RMβCD and SBEβCD gave the best solubilization potential whereas the best extraction efficacy was observed with HPγCD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)481-487
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Inclusion Phenomena and Macrocyclic Chemistry
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2007

Other keywords

  • Complexation
  • Extraction
  • Liquid-liquid partitioning
  • Octanol-water
  • Steroids


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