Coregulation of adrenoceptors and the lipid environment in heart muscle during repeated adrenergic stimulation

Sigmundur Gudbjarnason*, V. Edda Benediktsdóttir

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine change in binding properties of α1-adrenoceptors, β-adreneceptors and L-Ca channels in rat heart muscle in relation to changes in the lipid environment within the membrane, i.e. fatty acyl chain composition of membrane phospholipids, occuring during repeated adrenergic stimulation. The effect of daily administration of epinephrine for seven days upon the maximum number of binding sites of adrenoceptors and upon the fatty acyl chain composition of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine was examined in 10 months old rats. Decrease in Bmax of adrenoceptors during repeated adrenergic stimulation coincided with remodeling of the membrane phospholipids, with replacement of 18:2n-6 by 20:4n-6 on phosphatidylcholine and by 22:6n-3 in phosphatidylethanolamine, respectively. The effect of repeated adrenergic stimulation was also examined in rats fed diffrent dietary fats and oils, i.e. butter, corn oil or cod liver oil, in hearts with markedly different levels of 18:2n-6 and 22:6n-3. The binding properties of the adrenoceptors and L-Ca channels did not relate to the fatty acyl chain composition of bulk phospholipids, but the epinephrine induced decrease in Bmax of the receptors was always accompanied by replacement of 18:2n-6 by 20:4n-6 in phosphatidylcholine and by 22:6n-3 in phophatidylethanolamine, regardless of the initial level of these fatty acyl chains in the phopholipids. It is concluded that adaption to repeared adrenergic stimulation may include coregulation of the lipid environment within the membrance and the binding properties of adrenoceptors, and possible other functionally coupled protein such as L-Ca channels, residing in the membrane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-251
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1995

Other keywords

  • Adrenoceptors
  • Coregulation
  • Heart muscle
  • L-Ca channels
  • Membranes
  • Phospholipids
  • Rat

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