## Abstract

The molecular structure of axial and equatorial conformers of 1-silyl-silacyclohexane, C_{5}H_{10}SiHSiH_{3}, and the thermodynamic equilibrium between these species were investigated by means of gas electron diffraction (GED), dynamic nuclear magnetic resonance (DNMR), temperature-dependent Raman spectroscopy, and quantum chemical calculations (CCSD(T), MP2 and DFT methods). According to GED, the compound exists as a mixture of two conformers possessing the chair conformation of the six-membered ring and C_{s} symmetry and differing in the axial or equatorial position of the SiH3 group (axial = 57(7) mol %/equatorial = 43(7) mol %) at T= 321 K. This corresponds to an A value (free energy difference = G _{axial}, - G_{equatorial}) of-0.17(15) kcal mol^{-1}. A low-temperature ^{13}C NMR experiment using SiD_{4} as a solvent resulted in an axial/equatorial ratio of 45(3)/55(3) mol % at 110 K corresponding to an A value of 0.05(3) kcal mol-^{1}, and a ΔG^{#} value of 5.7(2) kcal mol^{-1} was found at 124 K. Temperature-dependent Raman spectroscopy in the temperature range of 210-300 K of the neat liquid, a THF solution, and a heptane solution indicates that the axial conformer is favored over the equatorial one by 0.26(10), 0.23(10), and 0.22(10) kcal mol^{-1} (AH values), respectively. CCSD(T)/CBS and MP2/CBS calculations in general predict both conformations to have very similar stability and are, thus, in excellent agreement with the DNMR result but in a slight disagreement with the GED and Raman results. Two DFT functionals, that account for dispersion interactions, M06-2X/pc-3 and B2PLYPD/QZVPP, deviate from the high-level coupled cluster and MP2 calculations by only 0.1 kcal mol ^{-1} on average, whereas B3LYP/pc-3 calculations greatly overestimate the stability of the equatorial conformer.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 2127-2135 |

Number of pages | 9 |

Journal | Journal of Physical Chemistry A |

Volume | 114 |

Issue number | 5 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 11 Feb 2010 |

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_{10}SiHSiH

_{3}: Gas electron diffraction, low-temperature NMR, temperature-dependent raman spectroscopy, and quantum chemical calculations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.