Circular Polarization Diversity Implementation for Correlation Reduction in Wideband Low-Cost Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output Antenna

Ubaid Ullah, Muath Al-Hasan, Slawomir Koziel, Ismail Ben Mabrouk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, a multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) antenna featuring circular polarization diversity, and designed on a common coplanar ground is presented. The proposed antenna design utilizes a coplanar waveguide (CPW) feeding technique with three parallel coplanar ground planes, and two feedlines in-between. For circular polarization (CP), quasi-loops are created by etching slots on the outermost ground planes. With this configuration, circular polarization diversity is induced in the MIMO antenna with the left-hand CP (LHCP) from one antenna and the right-hand CP (RHCP) from the other. The total footprint of the antenna radiator is only 0.78 lambda(0) x 0.55 lambda(0) = 0.42 lambda(2)(0). Experimental results show perfectly overlapping impedance and axial ratio bandwidths of 39.3% (4.5 GHz to 6.7 GHz). In addition, average in-band isolation vertical bar S-21 vertical bar <=-15 dB without any added complexity or active circuit elements. The peak realized gain of the antenna is 5.8 dBic with broadside radiation pattern in the +z- direction and envelope correlation coefficient (ECC) of 0.005. The antenna is suitable for multiple applications in the C-band that includes WLAN (5 GHz, 5.2 GHz and 5.8 GHz) and WiMAX (5.5 GHz).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95585-95593
JournalIEEE Access
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Other keywords

  • General Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • General Computer Science
  • Antennas
  • MIMO antenna
  • MIMO communication
  • Polarization
  • Polarization diversity
  • Circular polarization
  • Bandwidth
  • Correlation
  • Impedance
  • Coplanar waveguides
  • Circuit optimization
  • Verkfræði
  • Efnisfræði
  • Tölvunarfræði
  • Loftnet
  • Skautun (rafsegulfræði)
  • Bandbreidd
  • Viðnám
  • Bylgjufræði
  • Rafrásir
  • Bestun

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