Brotthvarf ungmenna frá námi og uppeldisaðferðir foreldra : langtímarannsókn

Translated title of the contribution: Dropping out and parenting practices: A Longitudinal Study

Aðalbjarnardóttir 1949- Sigrún, Kristjana Stella Blöndal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


School dropouts and parenting styles: A longitudinal study

This study explores how parenting style – as assessed by adolescents at age 14 – is related longitudinally to their having finished secondary school at age 22. The study is part of a larger ongoing longitudinal study on risktaking behaviour; 545 young people participated
in this part of the study. We examined parental involvement, their granting of psychological autonomy and behavioural control in relation to school dropout. We controlled for gender, parental SES and academic achievement on a standardized national test in Icelandic at the end of compulsory schooling (10th grade).

The results indicate that parenting styles as evaluated at age 14 predicted school dropout. Those who experienced parental involvement and the granting of psychological autonomy at age 14 were more likely than their peers to have finished upper secondary school at age 22. The third style, behavioural control measured at age 14, did not seem to predict school dropout when the joint contributions of the three parenting styles were explored. These results emerged even after controlling for academic achievement, gender, and parental SES.
Translated title of the contributionDropping out and parenting practices: A Longitudinal Study
Original languageIcelandic
Pages (from-to)11-23
Number of pages13
JournalTímarit um menntarannsóknir
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2005

Other keywords

  • School dropout
  • Adolescents
  • Pedagogical conditions


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