Trastorno dismórfico corporal

Translated title of the contribution: Body dysmorphic disorder

Andri S. Bjornsson*, Elizabeth R. Didie, Katharine A. Phillips

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a relatively common disorder that consists of a distressing or impairing preoccupation with imagined or slight defects in appearance. BDD is commonly considered to be an obsessivecompulsive spectrum disorder, based on similarities it has with obsessive-compulsive disorder. It is important to recognize and appropriately treat BDD, as this disorder is associated with marked impairment in psychosocial functioning, notably poor quality of life, and high suicidality rates. In this review, we provide an overview of research findings on BDD, including its epidemiology, clinical features, course of illness, comorbidity, psychosocial functioning, and suicidality. We also briefly review recent research on neural substrates and cognitive processing. Finally, we discuss treatment approaches that appear efficacious for BDD, with a focus on serotonin-reuptake inhibitors and cognitive-behavioral therapy.

Translated title of the contributionBody dysmorphic disorder
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)221-232
Number of pages12
JournalDialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
Volume12
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Other keywords

  • Body dysmorphic disorder
  • Clinical feature
  • Delusional disorder
  • Dysmorphophobia
  • Epidemiology
  • Obsessive-compulsive spectrum
  • Somatoform disorder
  • Treatment

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