We consider theoretically a closed (zero-dimensional) semiconductor microcavity where a confined vacuum photonic mode is coupled to electrons in the valence band of the semiconductor. It is shown that vacuum-induced virtual electron transitions between valence and conduction bands result in renormalization of electron energy spectrum. As a consequence, vacuum-induced band gaps appear within the valence band. Calculated values of the band gaps are of sub-meV scale, which makes this QED effect measurable in state-of-the-art experiments.
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 18 Nov 2014|
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