Associations of physical activity with vitamin D status depends on obesity status in old adults.

OG Geirsdottir, M Chang, Jonsson Pv, I Thorsdottir, A Ramel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Obesity has been associated with low 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25OHD). The causes of hypovitaminosis D in obese individuals are not known. The present work aimed to investigate 25OHD in obese and normal-/overweight subjects with consideration of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA). Methods: Community-dwelling old adults (N = 229, 73.7 ± 5.7yrs, 58.2% female) from the Reykjavik capital area in Iceland participated in this cross-sectional study. LTPA, vitamin D intake, body composition and background variables were assessed. 25OHD was measured in fasting blood samples. Results: Mean LTPA was 5.7 ± 5.6 h/week and the common activities were walking and gardening. Mean 25OHD was 66.7 ± 28.1 nmol/L and 8.5/21.2% were below 30 and 50 nmol/L, respectively. Obese participants (n = 84) had lower 25OHD (-11.0 ± 3.8 nmol/L,P < 0.001) and lower LTPA (-2.5 + 0.8 h/week,P = 0.001) than normal-/overweight subjects (n = 145). Linear models showed that LTPA (h/week) was associated with higher 25OHD in normal-/overweight participants only (1.3 nmol/L, P < 0.001) but not in obese (-0.7 nmol, P = 0.245). Fish oil intake was associated with higher 25OHD both in normal-/overweight (19.2 ± 4.5 nmol/L, P = 0.001) and obese subjects (13.4 ± 5.3 nmol/L, P = 0.013). Conclusions: Obese community-dwelling old adults in Iceland have lower 25OHD than their normal-/overweight counterparts. LTPA was associated with a higher 25OHD in normal-/overweight, but not in obese participants. However, fish oil was associated with higher 25OHD independently from obesity status. Thus, vitamin D supplementation is important for obese old adults to maintain vitamin D levels. Keywords: Aging; Fish oil; Leisure-time physical activity; Obesity; Vitamin D.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-226
JournalClinical Nutrition ESPEN
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jul 2020

Other keywords

  • Aging
  • Fish oil
  • Leisure-time physical activity
  • Obesity
  • Vitamin D
  • Aldraðir
  • Offita
  • Lýsi
  • D vítamín
  • Hreyfing (heilsurækt)
  • Fish Oils


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