Association of biomarkers of inflammation and cell adhesion with lung function in the elderly: A population-based study

Antje Kuhlmann, Inga Sif Ólafsdóttir, Lars Lind, Johan Sundström, Christer Janson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Low lung function is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. It is therefore of interest to identify biomarkers that are associated with impaired lung function. The aim of the study was to analyse associations of biomarkers and combinations of biomarkers with lung function in an elderly general population. Methods. Lung function (FEV§ssub§ 1§esub§ and FVC) and a panel of 15 inflammatory markers from blood samples were analysed in 888 subjects aged 70 years. Biomarkers included cytokines, chemokines, adhesion molecules, C-reactive protein (CRP) and leukocyte count. Results: Leukocyte count and CRP were independently associated with FEV§ssub§1§esub§ after adjustments for other inflammatory markers, sex, BMI, current smoking and pack-years of smoking. In a similar model, leukocyte count and vascular cell adhesion protein 1 (VCAM-1) were the biomarkers that were significantly associated with FVC. Subjects that had both leukocyte count and CRP in the lowest tertile had a FEV§ssub§1§esub§ that was 9% of predicted higher than subjects with leukocyte count and CRP in the highest tertile (103±16 vs. 94±21% of predicted, p=0.0002) (mean±SD). A difference of 8% of predicted in FVC was found between subjects with leukocyte count and VCAM-1 in the lowest and highest tertiles, respectively (106±18 vs. 98±19% of predicted, p=0.002). Conclusion: Leucocyte count, CRP and VCAM-1 were found to relate to poorer lung function. A dose related association was found for the combination leukocyte count and CRP towards FEV§ssub§1§esub§ and leukocyte and VCAM-1 towards FVC. This indicates that combination of two biomarkers yielded more information than assessing them one by one when analysing the association between systemic inflammation and lung function.

Original languageEnglish
Article number82
JournalBMC Geriatrics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Other keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • COPD
  • FEV§ssub§1§esub§
  • FVC
  • Gender
  • Lung function


Dive into the research topics of 'Association of biomarkers of inflammation and cell adhesion with lung function in the elderly: A population-based study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this