Adherence to food-based dietary guidelines and evaluation of nutrient intake in 7-year-old children

Asa Gudrun Kristjansdottir, Inga Thorsdottir*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the diet of 7-year-old children by comparison with food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG) and reference values for nutrient intake.Design Food and nutrient intake was assessed by 3 d weighed dietary records of 7-year-olds in six randomly chosen schools in Reykjavik, Iceland. Height and weight were measured. The diet of 165 children (62% of sample) was evaluated by the Icelandic FBDG and the Nordic reference values (NRV) for nutrient intake.Setting Six randomly chosen schools in Reykjavik, Iceland.Results: The FBDG on fruits and vegetables was reached by less than 20% of the children. A total of 52% reached the FBDG to eat fish twice a week and 41% to use vitamin D supplement. The FBDG on dairy was reached by 66% of the children. Mean intake of SFA gave 13.9% of the total energy intake (E%), which is higher than the NRV, 9.3E% of MUFA and 3.8E% of PUFA, both lower than the NRV (for all differences P < 0.001). Added sugar gave 12.1E%, which exceeds the upper level (P < 0.001). Fibre intake was 2.1 g/MJ and lower than the NRV (P < 0.001). Mean intake of micronutrients was above the recommended intake (RI), except for iodine, 109.0 μg/d, and vitamin D, 6.1 μg/d, which was lower than the RI (P = 0.006 and P < 0.001, respectively).Conclusions: Fruit, vegetable, fish and dairy, as well as vitamin D supplement, need to be increased in the diet of 7-year-old children to reach the FBDG and the reference values for nutrient intake. Dietary changes to increase the quality of fat and carbohydrate are needed as well.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1999-2008
Number of pages10
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Volume12
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2009

Other keywords

  • Food-based dietary guidelines
  • Nutrient intake
  • Schoolchildren

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