Brád versnun á langvinnri lungnateppu Yfirlitsgrein

Translated title of the contribution: Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - Review

Gunnar Gudmundsson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is common and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. It leads to huge costs in the health care system. one of the resons is acute exacerbations that lead to hospital admissions, increased medication use and other costly operations. They can also lead to death. In this review we will discuss the definition of acute exacerbation, causes and differential diagnosis. Treatment will be discussed and ways to avoid repeated exacerbations. Among ways to prevent acute exacerbations is drug treatment such as inhaled long-acting bronchodilators, inhaled corticosteroids and combination treatment. In selected cases antibiotics and antioxidants can be helpful. Influenza and pneumococcal vaccinations are important in addition to pulmonary rehabiliation. It is important to evaluate the role of co-morbidities and treat those diseases also. Examples of comorbidi-tes are coronary artery disease and heart failure but also anxiety and depression.

Translated title of the contributionAcute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - Review
Original languageIcelandic
Pages (from-to)357-362
Number of pages6
Issue number7-8
Publication statusPublished - 2015


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