A short measure of social reactions to sexual assault: The social reactions questionnaire-shortened

Sarah E. Ullman*, Mark Relyea, Rannveig Sigurvinsdottir, Sidney Bennett

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Social reactions to disclosures of sexual assault have significant effects on women's postassault recovery. However, being the most widely used measure of these reactions, the 48-item Social Reactions Questionnaire (SRQ; Ullman, 2000) is too long for some research and evaluation efforts. Thus, we developed a 16-item short version, the Social Reactions Questionnaire-Shortened (SRQ-S). Three preexisting college and community samples of women survivors (N 5 1,012; 1,084; and 344) were used to determine which SRQ items were most related to psychological symptoms and could form reliable subscales. The brief version was then administered in a college and community sample of 447 women survivors. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) and supporting psychometrics showed the SRQ-S reliably measures three general scales of the SRQ (Turning Against, Unsupportive Acknowledgment, Positive Reactions) as well as eight 2-item subscales (e.g., Blame). The SRQ-S provides researchers and interventionists with a brief alternative measure to the original SRQ.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1096-1115
Number of pages20
JournalViolence and Victims
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Springer Publishing Company.

Other keywords

  • Brief measure
  • Psychological symptoms
  • Rape
  • Social support


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