Translocation of large presecretory proteins into the mammalian endoplasmic reticulum requires the ribonucleoparticles, signal recognition particle, and ribosome and is tightly coupled to ongoing protein synthesis. We have shown previously that small presecretory proteins can translocate post-translationally in a reaction that does not require these ribonucleoparticles. We now report that one large protein, a synthetic hybrid between preprocecropin A and dihydrofolate reductase, translocates both cotranslationally (with the aid of signal recognition particle and ribosome) and post-translationally (without the involvement of these ribonucleoparticles) during its in vitro synthesis in the presence of dog pancreas microsomes. The distinction between these two modes of translocation was made possible by adding methotrexate to the translocation reaction. Methotrexate can only form a tight complex with those preprocecropin A-dihydrofolate reductase hybrid chains that have completed their synthesis and folded, but in forming this tight complex, this drug prevents translocation of the dihydrofolate reductase domain across the membrane.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Biological Chemistry
|Published - 1990