Áhrif hreyfiíhlutunar á einkenni geðklofa, andlega líðan og líkamssamsetningu hjá ungu fólki

Translated title of the contribution: The effects of physical activity intervention on symptoms in schizophrenia, mental well-being and body composition in young adults

Kristjana Sturludóttir, Sunna Gestsdóttir, Rafn Haraldur Rafnsson, Erlingur Jóhannsson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Due to an unhealthy lifestyle, individuals with schizophrenia are at higher risk of morbidity compared to the general population. Studies have shown that physical activity can have positive effects on physical and mental health in these patients. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of a physical activity intervention on symptoms of schizophrenia, as well as on a number of physical and mental health variables. The aim was also to gain more understanding of the participants experience of the intervention with interviews. Material and methods: Seventeen individuals between the ages of 21-31, diagnosed with schizophrenia participated in the study. They exercised under professional supervision for a minimum of two sessions per week for 20 weeks and attended weekly lectures on a healthy lifestyle. The participants answered standardized questionnaires (PANSS, DASS, Rosenberg, CORE-OM, BHS, QOLS), and physical measurements (weight, height, body mass index, resting blood pressure, waist circumference and resting heart rate) were taken before and after the intervention. Six participants were interviewed after the intervention and asked about their experience. Results: Negative and general psychiatric symptoms, depression, anxiety and stress scores decreased significantly whereas well-being, quality of life and physical activity increased (p<0.05). Apart from resting heart rate that decreased (p<0.05), physical measurements remained unchanged at the end of the intervention. Conclusion: The participants physical activity increased, their mental well-being improved, and they did not gain weight during the intervention period. Regular exercise under supervision and education about a healthy lifestyle are a beneficial adjunct to the primary treatment of people with schizophrenia.

Translated title of the contributionThe effects of physical activity intervention on symptoms in schizophrenia, mental well-being and body composition in young adults
Original languageIcelandic
Pages (from-to)519-524
Number of pages6
JournalLaeknabladid
Volume101
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015

Other keywords

  • Geðklofi
  • Líkamsrækt
  • Hreyfing (heilsurækt)
  • Schizophrenia/rehabilitation
  • Motor Activity
  • Mental Health
  • Early Medical Intervention

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